One of the more recent fields of academic study, computer science is fundamental in today’s digital world. Almost every major challenge facing our world is turning to computing for a solution, from conquering disease to eliminating hunger, from improving education to protecting the environment. Medical imaging and other medical software applications are revolutionizing the practice of medicine, mobile devices are transforming the way people live and communicate, web search engines have become a ubiquitous part of our every day lives. Computing has enabled discovery in areas previously untapped such as unraveling the mysteries of DNA via the Human Genome Project, and exploration of the farthest reaches of the universe with the Hubble telescope. None of these discoveries would be possible without developments in computer science. In another ten to fifteen years, it is expected that all major systems and infrastructure in the world will be controlled by software. Computer science will play a critical role in this transformation.